Subjects and Courses

Penola Catholic College strives to provide a rich and diverse curriculum to engage students in their learning.

Penola Catholic College has a broad and diverse curriculum designed to meet the needs of all students and to develop their individual talents.

The curriculum offered at the College has the scope and breadth to cater for students at all stages of the learning journey, offering both challenges and support.

At Penola Catholic College our educational community is built around quality learning and teaching founded on relationships.

We encourage students to be lifelong learners, to contribute to the needs of the school and the broader community, and always to strive for excellence. Our diverse learning opportunities develops the student’s needs whilst at the same time amplifying their talents.

Courses offered at Penola include the following but are not limited to:

  • Religious Education
  • English – Advanced, Standard and Extension
  • Mathematics – Extension and General
  • Science – Biology, Chemistry, Earth and Environmental Science, Physics
  • Human Society and its Environment (HSIE) - Business Studies, History, Geography, Legal Studies and Society & Culture
  • Personal Development, Health and Physical Education (PDHPE) - Community & Family Studies, Exploring Early Childhood and Sport Lifestyle & Recreation
  • Languages other than English (LOTE) - Japanese
  • Creative and Performing Arts (CAPA) - Drama, Music, Photography and Visual Arts
  • Technology and Applied Studies (TAS) - Agriculture, Design & Technology, Food Technology, Industrial Technology, Information Technology and Textiles & Design
  • Vocational Education and Training (VET) - Business Services, Construction, Entertainment, Retail Services, Hospitality

2020 Elective Courses Handbooks

Year 9  Year 10  Year 11

Key Learning Areas

Religious Education and Mission Goal as Faith in Action

Our goal at Penola is for students and staff to model Mary MacKillop’s value of reaching out to one’s neighbour evidenced across the learning and lived out as Faith in Action.

Penola Catholic College serves Our Lady of the Way Parish and the surrounding schools through the Catechist program. We celebrate the faith of our students, the liturgical year, Opening Mass, Graduation and holy days of obligation with Fr Paul Roberts, our Parish Priest.

Staff and students reach out to our modern world through non-profit organisations such as Caritas, St Vincent de Paul and Jesuit Social Services. Each providing experiences that enrich the life of students, staff and those whom we serve. Specific social justice actions include:

  • Project Compassion
  • Pancake Day
  • Vinnies Van
  • Vinnies Winter Sleepout
  • Jesuits Social Services Store at Emerton
  • RUOK? Day
  • Vinnies Christmas Appeal

Stage 4 (Years 7 and 8) - Engagement Strategies

Sharing Our Story explores aspects of Initiation and Belonging to Catholic beliefs and practices that enable students to engage in a Catholic worldview. An exploration of the story throughout the first two years enable students to understand the Old Testament as the preparation for Jesus in our world and that Jesus is the passion we experience at Easter.

Stage 5 (Years 9 and 10) - Empowerment Strategies

Catholic Studies investigates the application of Jesus’ teachings to social justice principles illuminated by Mary and the Saints. Creative assessment allows interaction with Stage 4 learning, parents and the community.

Stage 6 (Years 11 and 12) - Enterprise Skills

Catholic Studies examines Jesus’ teachings to inform our Christian vision of the world be become people ready to embark in this world as ethical risk takers, communicating with others and resilient to change but steeped in the tradition of the Church.

Studies of Religion investigates the nature and significance of religion in Australia, the influence of belief systems and religious traditions on individuals and within society, Religion and peace as integral to human capacity and a worldview from a non-religious perspective. It is designed for students to increase their expertise in Religious Education in order to enhance their personal, social and faith life as they come to understand the rich Australian religious context. Students interested in the development of World Religions and their impact on society and the specific influence in the Australian cultural context and capable of both independent, online and group learning, are likely to engage with the subject.


English as Dynamic Learning Experiences

The English Faculty at Penola Catholic College aims to create dynamic and meaningful learning experiences for students across all grades and to cater to the various strengths of all students. Homework Help is available to students once a week.

We have a focus on the new textual concept framework and all of our teaching units are based around specific textual concepts that will help to build student capacity in critical thinking and allow for individual success in both the HSC and beyond. In our Stage 4 and 5 classes we are passionate about providing students choice in what they do to engage them in the learning. To achieve this we offer students a choice of the novels that they will read in class so that they can choose something that is more suitable to both their own interests and their ability level. We have also in the planning and implementation process of a reading enrichment program which aims to target students at their reading level and help to push them to a higher level of reading achievement that is within their reach.

The English Faculty are committed to offering students opportunities to improve their communication skills such as writing competitions like 'Write a Book in A Day', debating and public speaking. In recent years, we have had many successes in all of these pursuits and we regularly celebrate our student's achievements on social media.

Our assessment focuses on formative assessment in Years 7-9, which means that all learning tasks are an opportunity for students to show their skills. In the junior years (Years 7-9), our focus is not on high stakes assessment. We aim to have students craft and re-craft their work, utilising peer and teacher feedback to enable them to produce their best work and for their grade achievement to be a more accurate reflection of their overall capabilities as an English student and to help them achieve excellent learning gain as they finely tuned their reading and writing skills for senior schooling.

English is a compulsory subject throughout secondary schooling in NSW. In Stage 6 we are able to offer students 5 strands of English to allow them the best opportunity for challenge and success. These options are: English Studies, English (Standard), English (Advanced), Extension I and Extension II English (Year 12 only).

Mathematics as Meaningful Learning Opportunities

The Mathematics faculty at Penola Catholic College embraces contemporary learning with the goal of providing students with the skills for the 21st century. We employ innovative strategies to engage learners and empower them to develop their enterprise skills. Students studying mathematics are provided with a range of NESA approved courses from Years 7 to 12 run by specialised mathematics teachers. In Years 7 and 8, students are engaged in mixed ability classes following the Stage 4 approved course.

In Years 9 and 10, students are provided with streamed class groupings that learn in the three traditional NESA approved pathways of study, Stage 5.1, Stage 5.2 and Stage 5.3. This is essential in allowing all students to access the curriculum at their level. Further to this, selected students have also been invited to participate in the innovative STEM program which engages its learners in authentic and real world hand-on activities, investigations and projects. Year 11 and 12 students are offered the full range of Mathematics courses for senior study, including Mathematics Standard, Mathematics, Mathematics Extension I and Mathematics Extension II.

To provide our students with first class contemporary learning we:

  • enhance the numeracy skills of all our students with a range of activities. We provide regular homework, extension work, and acceleration for appropriate students

  • offer maths help to students of varying abilities at our homework help on Monday’s during Week A and Wednesday’s during Week B (from 3 – 4pm)

  • develop and use specific EM4 designed lessons to meet the needs of a wider range of student abilities. This is achieved through open-ended tasks, meaningful games, puzzles and real-life investigation activities

  • offer the EMU program to provide intervention and confidence building for our more vulnerable students in Year 7 who are at risk of further disengagement due to low numerical understanding

  • employ specific literacy activities such as: shared reading, ‘think, pair, share’ and written reflections.
  • develop student’s organisational skills and their self-regulation of learning through the use of high impact learning strategies such as providing learning intentions and success criteria in every learning experience

  • provide students with feedback on their learning with regular bookmarking, allocation of Student Learning Performance Grade every 5 weeks and a variety of engaging assessment tasks in all stages

  • engage students in NAPLAN specific targets for students to develop their confidence and skill in solving problems in a range of contexts. This is crucial for providing students with first class preparation for gaining the national minimum standard credentials.

Science as an interdisciplinary approach

The Science faculty of Penola Catholic College delivers Science in six state of the art Laboratories with vibrant and experienced staff. All Stage 6 Science courses are offered at the completion of the Stage 5 course.

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Earth and Environmental Science
  • Investigating Science.

The aim of the faculty is to prepare students to face and thrive in the ever changing landscape of the world of Science. It is imperative that students are capable and confident independent ‘thinkers’ to face the challenges that await them in the Sciences.

The Science labs at Penola are vibrant learning environments where students are challenged to learn about the world around them and become socially conscious members of the community who are well equipped to respond to issues and problems with an adequate level of reasoned scientific understanding and literacy.

STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) in an interdisciplinary approach that is core to the national curriculum and has been embedded into the delivery and assessment of the faculty and the College for the past two years and will continue to challenge students in the future.

Creative Arts as a holistic experience

The Creative and Performing Arts Department offers a broad range of creative experiences in the fields of Music, Visual Arts, Drama, Photographic & Digital Media and Dance. Our aim is to increasingly broaden the students’ exposure to expressive forms across each stage of the curriculum.

In the performance-based subjects, Music, Drama and Dance, the aim is for our students to become independent, confident performers with the capacity to engage in collaborative and composition experiences. These experiences are supplemented by a large variety of CAPTIVATE programs that are offered throughout the year. Penola has recently been the Dance HUB and has hosted a number of Drama and Music workshops in order to give our students the opportunity to work with students from other schools in collaborating on performances and improving technique.

In the creative-based subjects of Photographic and Digital Media, and Visual Arts, students are exposed to a range of material experiences as they respond to their world, their beliefs, raise issues and make observations. Our collaboration with internationally exhibited street-artist Johnny Romeo has allowed students to improve the quality of their work through a mentoring program designed to assist students who aspire to succeed in the HSC and beyond.

Dance, Drama and Music

Students in Year 7 and Year 8 Music learn to play the guitar, keyboard and the drums whilst studying Musical Identity and Popular Music. We have a great focus on Performance in Stage 4, encouraging students to perform in small groups and as individuals and explore a range of instruments by reading traditional and non-traditional notation methods.

Years 9 and 10 Music students engage in composition, aural, musicology and performance under a variety of genres including Australian Music, Rock, Popular, Classical, Jazz, Music and Technology, Music of a Culture, Music for Large and Small Ensembles and Music for Radio, Film, Television and Multimedia. Year 9 and 10 Drama students learn the elements of appreciation, theatre, composition and performance in a variety of contexts, styles and genres.

Year 11 and 12 Music caters for individual student needs by exploring the major components of aural, performance, composition and musicology within genres that appeal to each student’s interests. Years 11 and 12 Dance and Drama continue the exploration of theatre, appreciation, performance and composition both individually and within an ensemble. Senior students are given a number of opportunities to showcase their works at performance evenings throughout the year.

All music subjects are complimented by a peripatetic music program, which allows students to have group or private lessons on their chosen instrument within the school.

Visual Arts and Photography

Students in Years 7 and 8 Visual Arts are exposed to a range of materials in drawing, painting and ceramic media. In Year 7, students focus on their ‘identity’ through self-portraiture, they then move onto forging a connection with their local area through landscape drawing and painting.

In Years 9 and 10, students work in drawing and painting again, but with a focus on extending and refining their techniques and material usage. Students gain an exposure to photography, ceramics, jewellery, printmaking and sculpture. Students lean on a range of subject matter to master their materials. Landscape, Architecture and the Human Body become the inspiration for their Art-making and their Critical and Historical Studies.

Our senior students continue the Visual Arts Course with increasing levels of expertise in their material usage and independence in their Art-making concepts. By the HSC year each student is able to manage the decision making and skill entailed in producing a Body of Artworks. Senior students are also mentored by Johnny Romeo in order to get the most out of their major work.

Photographic and Digital Media students work across various forms of photography in Stage 5. The programs allow for students to work with film, the darkroom, digital photography and potentially videography. Subject matter is broad and crosses into areas of design and the visual arts in order for students to gain an exposure to the range of uses of photography in visual industries.

Human Society and its Environment as an Interconnected World

Students in Years 7-10 will complete one semester of History and one semester of Geography each year. They will learn History and Geography skills in Year 7 that will be built upon in subsequent years. Stage 4 History covers Ancient Egypt, Ancient China, Medieval Europe and Colonisation. In Geography students will explore Landscapes and Landforms, Interconnectedness, Water in the World, and Place and Liveability. Students’ activities include making an Egyptian artefact and participating in a Medieval Day, and a Geography field work excursion. Subject based, and cross curricular Project Based Learning (PBL) is used across Stage 4 History and Geography.

In Stage 5, students will study the topics Making a Better World: Movement of Peoples, Australians at War: World Wars I and II, Rights and Freedoms (1945-Present), and Popular Culture. In Geography, they will study Sustainable Biomes and Changing Places as well as Environmental change and Management, and Human Wellbeing. Student activities include planning a new housing development, and visiting Penrith Lakes for fieldwork experience.

Students are also able to choose electives from the beginning of Year 9. We offer Elective History, World Studies and Commerce.

In Stage 6, students can select from the following subjects:

  • Ancient History
  • Business Studies
  • Legal Studies
  • Modern History
  • Society and Culture

Teachers on these subjects are specialists in their fields, with many years experience. Where appropriate, seminars, site studies and university lecture days are included during term time, and students are given many opportunities to attend holiday revision sessions with their teachers prior to major exams, and help sessions one afternoon a week at the school.

Languages as Valuable Cultural Insights

At Penola we believe that the study of Japanese gives access to the language and culture of one of Asia’s most important societies. We believe it opens the door and provides pathways for students to engage with not only Australia’s place in Asia but also her neighbours. Through the study of the Japanese language, history and cultural aspects, students gain valuable perspectives on art, music, customs, beliefs and the ways of thinking of Japanese people. Not only that, but they also gain insight into their own personal world and that of Australia.

Stage 4 Years 7 Languages

Currently only our Year 7 students study the 100 hour Stage 4 Mandatory Japanese course. However, there are many opportunities throughout the year for all Penola students to experience learning about the language and culture of Japan. In March, August and December, Penola hosts students from Japan as part of Penola’s commitment to provide pathways for students to broaden their horizons.

Stage 6 Year 12 Languages

Penola offers a 200 hour Beginners Japanese course for students in Year 11 and Year 12. The Beginners course is aimed at students who are beginning their studies of Japanese in Stage 6. Students who study this course should have little to no prior knowledge apart from the study of 100 hours or less throughout Stage 4 or 5.

Personal Development, Health, and Physical Education as a United Approach

The Personal Development, Health, and Physical Education curriculum at Penola Catholic College engages students in a number of key learning concepts developed from the relationship between physical, emotional, mental, social and spiritual health. Students are equipped with the knowledge and skills that they need to make lifelong positive health decisions and to understand how to improve or maintain their wellbeing.

Students are provided with the movement skills and knowledge to be fit for the future. Fitness testing and goal setting is ongoing and students have access to tailored fitness programs designed to help them improve their physical capacities and meet their fitness goals.

Stage 4 (Years 7 and 8)

Our Year 7 and Year 8 students learn to develop an understanding of well being, drugs, changes during adolescence, spirituality, relationships, road safety, problem solving and decision making skills, health promotion, mental health, first aid and lifesaving, nutrition and goal setting.

Practical activities include swim and lifesaving, dance, gymnastics, Olympic sports, fitness testing, functional fitness activities and team sports. Practical lessons for years 7-10 students involve a movement focus as well as incorporating games based units and activities. We aim to cultivate not just an understanding of what a healthy lifestyle looks like but a love and passion for physical activity. One of the key tenets of this is to expose students to as many different modes of fitness and sports so that they may find the one that is right for them and then embrace it is part of their lifestyle.

Stage 5 (Years 9 and 10)

In Year 9 and Year 10 students participate in the mandatory PDHPE course and can select the elective subject Physical Activity and Sports Studies. This subject is a must for students who love their sport and fitness and provides an excellent grounding for those considering a career in the health, sports and fitness industry. Topics covered include anatomy and physiology, sports medicine, sports coaching, sports nutrition, acquisition of sports skill and fitness development.

The practical component of this course whilst incorporating a raft of team sports and fitness activities also focuses on leadership in team sports, coaching in practice and skill analysis. In PDHPE, throughout the year students are also given the option of participating in functional fitness circuit classes during practical lessons. Students are also introduced to yoga and pilates to improve mobility and core strength.

Stage 6 (Years 11 and 12)

Penola Catholic College offers four PDHPE courses in Years 11 and 12, Personal Development, Health and Physical Education; Community and Family Studies; Exploring Early Childhood; and Sport Lifestyle and Recreation.

Our Stage 6 students are extended by these rigorous and challenging subjects which provide the opportunity for them to explore and develop their passion for this field of study. Students undertaking these stage 6 subjects find that they provide a good grounding for further studies or careers in areas such as personal training, human movement, sports science, sports coaching, strength and conditioning, physiotherapy, nursing, health education, community work, child care and community health.

PDHPE Incursions and Excursions

PDHPE students are exposed to a variety of engaging and challenging extracurricular opportunities which further develop their knowledge and skills including:

  • Year 7 Swimming and Lifesaving
  • Year 9 PASS Surf Safety at Long Reef Beach
  • Year 10 Road Safety
  • Year 11 First Aid Accreditation
  • Year 12 Periodisation Planning incursion by Erin McCleave.

Pathways in Technology as a Contemporary Learning Platform

At its core, the P-TECH model being delivered at Penola Catholic College is about collaboration – a partnership between education, industry and community – but it is a partnership with a clear purpose: To provide an industry supported pathway for young people to achieve that strengthens their employment prospects. The P-TECH mission is to develop and support pathways to post-school education that lead to careers in STEM related fields. With support from industry, P-TECH students engage in a rigorous academic program with strong links to real world applications—and real jobs.

Learn more about what P-Tech and iStem can offer our students.

Sport as a Chance to Grow

Our sporting heritage is something that we are proud of and we encourage our students to enjoy the sporting activities that we have on offer including competition sports such as AFL, cricket and cross country and noncompetitive activities such as bush walking, golf and ice skating.

We offer a variety of sporting choices, including representative sport through the Parramatta Diocese Secondary Schools Sports Council program (PDSSSC). This program provides students with the opportunity to represent at state and national level. We also encourage all students to discover their sporting passions and talents, and offer many different sports and activities on our school sport day. For those students who prefer non-competitive pursuits, we also offer a range of activities to meet these students’ needs.

This occurs on a Thursday where all students from year 7-10 can trial for a representative sport or be involved in a variety of sports and activities that may interest them. Years 7 & 8 are involved in round robin sporting competitions against their peers which develops their teamwork, skill and sportsmanship. They are also involved in a swimming program where they are receiving small group training or lessons from Learn to Swim qualified instructors based on the students individual needs.

Year 9 and Year 10 students get the chance to choose what sport they would like to be involved in each sport day across a season. The following options are displayed below:

Non-competitive Activities

  • Agriculture
  • Art
  • Chess
  • Games
  • Walking
  • Golf
  • Gym
  • Ice Skating
  • Tenpin Bowling
  • Indoor Rock Climbing
  • Table Tennis
  • Tennis
  • House based sports and activities
  • Wakeboarding

Competition Activities

  • AFL
  • Athletics
  • Baseball
  • Basketball
  • Cricket
  • Cross Country
  • Futsal
  • Netball
  • Oz Tag
  • Rugby League
  • Soccer
  • Softball
  • Swimming
  • Touch Football
  • Volleyball
Learn more about Representative Sport


Technological and Applied Studies as Skills to Succeed

The aim of the TAS Department here at McCarthy Catholic College is to develop students’ ability to design, produce and evaluate quality solutions that respond to identified opportunities and needs. We aim to enable students to responsibly, safely and creatively use and select materials, tools and techniques to produce quality goods and solutions to identified problems and opportunities.

Stage 4 (Years 7 and 8)

Within Mandatory Technology our students produce goods for specific design needs. Our aim is to teach skills that can be developed through their life. They work collaboratively with others to achieve individual and collective goals in the design and production of products in the areas of Engineering, Digital Technologies (coding and control systems), Food and Fibre (Agriculture, Textiles and Food) and Materials Technology (Timber, Plastic and Mixed Materials).

Stage 5 (Years 9 and 10)

Students can choose from a wide variety of electives such as Agriculture, Food, Textiles and Design, Industrial Timber, and iSTEM. Students will learn to meet the requirements of an identified need through a design brief and work through the design process where they are able to express themselves creatively in the design, portfolio and product development. These technologies seek to raise students’ awareness of the interaction between technology, industry, society and the environment.

Stage 6 (Years 11 and 12)

Students can continue with their Stage 5 Technology elective or chose another technology offered here at McCarthy ranging from Agriculture, Design and Technology, Food Technology, Industrial Technology Timber, Textiles and Design, Software Design and Development, Information Processes and Technology and Industrial Technology Multimedia. They offer students the opportunity to study the interrelationships of technologies, equipment and materials used by industry and develop skills through the process of design, planning and production in readiness for the workplace.

Vocational Education and Training as Enterprise Skill Development

Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses are offered as part of the Higher School Certificate. They enable students to study courses that are relevant to industry needs and have clear links to post-school destinations.

These courses provide school and TAFE delivered, approved training along with the opportunity to sit for an HSC exam in the subjects and have them count towards an ATAR.

At Penola Catholic College, access to the following VET courses can be offered:

  • Business Services
  • Construction
  • Entertainment
  • Hospitality
  • Information and Digital Technology (P-TECH Elective)
  • Primary Industries
  • Retail Services.

Such VET courses provide students the advantage of achieving dual accreditation while at high school. Firstly they achieve the HSC and then also an Australian Qualifications Framework Certificate II or III credential in their selected VET course (eg. Certificate II Hospitality).

These credentials and their experiences during work placement sessions often lead to part-time employment, apprenticeships and a pathway into further study for these trade and service industries post high school.

Learning Support For All Students

At Penola our Learning Support team actively meet the additional learning needs of students with learning difficulties and disabilities. We do this in a number of ways depending on the nature of need and the frequency of intervention required. We work very closely with all teaching staff, the students and their families to enable students to reach their potential.

Personalised Learning Plans: All students with additional learning needs partake in collaborative meetings with their parents yearly (or more frequently if required). We identify and discuss the students’ strengths and interests, goal set towards improved access to learning outcomes and design individual support strategies to ensure success.

R3 Reading Intervention: A small number of Stage 4 students are identified early each year, as they require extra support with reading comprehension. We run an intensive 20 week program in small group settings with an expert teacher to support reading strategy development. Access to this program is based on careful screening to identify each learners needs.

EMU Numeracy Intervention: Small numbers of students identified as requiring numeracy support, particularly in the area of place value, counting, multiplicative thinking and manipulation of quantities are supported in small groups for a 20 week program. EMU stands for Extending Mathematical Thinking, this intervention course embeds sound and various mathematical thinking strategies to correct common mathematical misconceptions or gaps in learning.

Post School Options Program

Short Courses
These are offered with the support from our Post School Options team from system based student service. Course include Effective Communication. TAFE days, 2Morrow Course, Resume Writing Course and Work Orientation Day. These courses are run off site.

Work Placement
Students identify a career they are interested in and a Work Experience Block is organised, 1 day a week for 10 weeks. Access to work placement is for students with additional learning needs, social emotional needs and identified disabilities. Workplace Trainers visit the student every week. A log book and certificates are issued when the Work Experience has been completed. Support for seeking further employment and preparing for interviews is built into this experience.

There are many other means of support offered to students an individual basis to ensure access to learning. These include initial diagnostic testing of literacy and numeracy, the availability of Third Wave Reading intervention, Exam provisions and HSC Disability Provisions, access to school counselling and ongoing collaboration with external specialists to align best practices for the support of each child.

Enriching the lives of our students outside the formal curriculum is a priority and we aim to provide students with the option to participate in a variety of co-curricular and extra-curricular activities

These opportunities provide students with the chance to develop leadership and organisational skills. Penola Catholic College encourages students to become fully involved in the life of the College and we believe strongly in the need for students to be balanced and to see education as a process that involves the whole person both in and out of the classroom.

Extracurricular initiatives include:

  • Big History Project
  • CAPTIVATE performing arts program including dance, drama and music
  • Debating and public speaking
  • Duke of Edinburgh
  • History, Geography, Mathematics and Science competitions
  • Sport to state and national levels
  • University links from Year 9 onwards.

We believe that education involves the whole person both in and out of the classroom.

Students also have the opportunity to become a Student Representative Council (SRC) member, and are involved in, and run, many activities such as prayers, assemblies, liturgies, mentoring in the junior years, Catechist work in the state primary schools and coach sporting teams.